|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||airport : bed|
|Altitude||agl bound lower : 0|
agl bound upper : 300
|Controlling Facilities||tower : bed|
tower : bhm
|Make Model Name||Small Aircraft, High Wing, 1 Eng, Retractable Gear|
|Flight Phase||climbout : initial|
climbout : takeoff
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : instrument|
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 53|
flight time total : 385
|Function||controller : local|
|Qualification||controller : non radar|
|Anomaly||conflict : nmac|
incursion : runway
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
|Resolutory Action||flight crew : declared emergency|
none taken : unable
|Consequence||faa : reviewed incident with flight crew|
Airplane and all systems (radios, etc) operated normally after start up (ATIS information) during taxi (ground control) and runup. Wind conditions were calm and runway 5 was the active runway. Mine was the only aircraft waiting to depart. Tower (118.50) cleared me for a left downwind departure. Shortly after liftoff at approximately 300' MSL simultaneous with attempted gear retraction I noticed electrical static sound through the headset. The landing gear had moved little if at all. I was unable to contact the tower on either radio, taking the alternator off line to a battery only status still afforded no power. There was no power to any dash instrument including gear lock indications. The engine appeared to be operating at full power, but the master switch fused (welded?) behind the panel and could not be moved. I made the left turn to the left downwind as previously cleared and began rocking the wings in an attempt to attract the attention of tower personnel in order to obtain a light gun landing clearance. The tower did not observe this action on downwind. I did not observe any other traffic in the area at this time. I turned crosswind beyond the tower again rocking the wings attempting to get their attention and then maneuvered back into the left downwind. On the downwind I went through the emergency gear down procedures to assure the landing gear was down and locked. Again there was no traffic observed in the pattern or on the airport txwys. Upon turning base to final I received a steady green light (the only light signal ever given) from the tower and I landed the airplane west/O incident. A field emergency truck met me at a runway turnoff and led me back to the ramp. I was asked to contact the tower which I did in person. The tower supervisor told me that after I took off they changed the active runway to the other (runway 23) and I had landed on the wrong runway. I explained what had happened and that I had no way of knowing this since I had lost all electrical power and had just departed the then active runway 5. (I don't know whether or not they broadcast the runway change.) when asked whether or not I wanted to declare an emergency I was confused over what type of occurrence actually constitutes an emergency. I prefer to view this incident as an aborted takeoff/climb out and a precautionary return for landing with a steady green light landing clearance. Repairs to the aircraft included replacement of the master switch and the voltage regulator.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: GA SMA LOST ALL ELECTRICAL POWER AFTER TKOF AND HAD TO RETURN USING TWR SIGNAL LIGHT CTL.
Narrative: AIRPLANE AND ALL SYSTEMS (RADIOS, ETC) OPERATED NORMALLY AFTER START UP (ATIS INFO) DURING TAXI (GND CTL) AND RUNUP. WIND CONDITIONS WERE CALM AND RWY 5 WAS THE ACTIVE RWY. MINE WAS THE ONLY ACFT WAITING TO DEPART. TWR (118.50) CLRED ME FOR A LEFT DOWNWIND DEP. SHORTLY AFTER LIFTOFF AT APPROX 300' MSL SIMULTANEOUS WITH ATTEMPTED GEAR RETRACTION I NOTICED ELECTRICAL STATIC SOUND THROUGH THE HEADSET. THE LNDG GEAR HAD MOVED LITTLE IF AT ALL. I WAS UNABLE TO CONTACT THE TWR ON EITHER RADIO, TAKING THE ALTERNATOR OFF LINE TO A BATTERY ONLY STATUS STILL AFFORDED NO PWR. THERE WAS NO PWR TO ANY DASH INSTRUMENT INCLUDING GEAR LOCK INDICATIONS. THE ENG APPEARED TO BE OPERATING AT FULL PWR, BUT THE MASTER SWITCH FUSED (WELDED?) BEHIND THE PANEL AND COULD NOT BE MOVED. I MADE THE LEFT TURN TO THE LEFT DOWNWIND AS PREVIOUSLY CLRED AND BEGAN ROCKING THE WINGS IN AN ATTEMPT TO ATTRACT THE ATTN OF TWR PERSONNEL IN ORDER TO OBTAIN A LIGHT GUN LNDG CLRNC. THE TWR DID NOT OBSERVE THIS ACTION ON DOWNWIND. I DID NOT OBSERVE ANY OTHER TFC IN THE AREA AT THIS TIME. I TURNED XWIND BEYOND THE TWR AGAIN ROCKING THE WINGS ATTEMPTING TO GET THEIR ATTN AND THEN MANEUVERED BACK INTO THE LEFT DOWNWIND. ON THE DOWNWIND I WENT THROUGH THE EMER GEAR DOWN PROCS TO ASSURE THE LNDG GEAR WAS DOWN AND LOCKED. AGAIN THERE WAS NO TFC OBSERVED IN THE PATTERN OR ON THE ARPT TXWYS. UPON TURNING BASE TO FINAL I RECEIVED A STEADY GREEN LIGHT (THE ONLY LIGHT SIGNAL EVER GIVEN) FROM THE TWR AND I LANDED THE AIRPLANE W/O INCIDENT. A FIELD EMER TRUCK MET ME AT A RWY TURNOFF AND LED ME BACK TO THE RAMP. I WAS ASKED TO CONTACT THE TWR WHICH I DID IN PERSON. THE TWR SUPVR TOLD ME THAT AFTER I TOOK OFF THEY CHANGED THE ACTIVE RWY TO THE OTHER (RWY 23) AND I HAD LANDED ON THE WRONG RWY. I EXPLAINED WHAT HAD HAPPENED AND THAT I HAD NO WAY OF KNOWING THIS SINCE I HAD LOST ALL ELECTRICAL PWR AND HAD JUST DEPARTED THE THEN ACTIVE RWY 5. (I DON'T KNOW WHETHER OR NOT THEY BROADCAST THE RWY CHANGE.) WHEN ASKED WHETHER OR NOT I WANTED TO DECLARE AN EMER I WAS CONFUSED OVER WHAT TYPE OF OCCURRENCE ACTUALLY CONSTITUTES AN EMER. I PREFER TO VIEW THIS INCIDENT AS AN ABORTED TKOF/CLBOUT AND A PRECAUTIONARY RETURN FOR LNDG WITH A STEADY GREEN LIGHT LNDG CLRNC. REPAIRS TO THE ACFT INCLUDED REPLACEMENT OF THE MASTER SWITCH AND THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of August 2007 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.