|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||airport : myf|
|Altitude||msl bound lower : 4000|
msl bound upper : 4000
|Operator||general aviation : instructional|
|Make Model Name||Small Aircraft, High Wing, 1 Eng, Fixed Gear|
|Flight Phase||cruise other|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : student|
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 20|
flight time total : 65
flight time type : 65
|Affiliation||government : faa|
|Function||controller : approach|
|Qualification||controller : radar|
|Anomaly||non adherence : far|
other anomaly other
|Independent Detector||other controllera|
|Resolutory Action||none taken : detected after the fact|
|Consequence||faa : reviewed incident with flight crew|
|Primary Problem||Flight Crew Human Performance|
|Air Traffic Incident||Pilot Deviation|
Takeoff from myf for student practice in north practice area. Flew north at 2600' climbing west of I-5. Turned inland at dirt road landmark per instrument's directions. Climbed to 4000' for practice maneuvers and returned to myf for total flight time of 0.7 hours. Phone call to san approach who stated I was in TCA. Contributing factors were my failure to study TCA chart in area adequately and my instrument's and FAA rainchk instrument's failure to instruct on studying chart, location of north practice area and use of VOR's to stay out of TCA. Instructions fails to adequately inform student of the importance of precise navigation by use of the TCA chart at all times when flying near TCA. The student is given assigned routes to fly, and the TCA chart is left behind the seat. Due to the variation which the student is allowed to make on solo in the assigned routes TCA violation becomes a danger. But the student is relying on the instrument's description of the route from memory, not on having the TCA chart in hand. The student should be instructed that he or she must follow the chart. The instrument should require student to have TCA chart at all times. The instrument should also require the student to do this as part of takeoff checklist and to set VOR to proper radials for TCA as part of takeoff checklist. During instruction the student should be questioned about where the plane is and where the TCA is. Many instrs do not agree with the TCA concept nor the enforcement of it. This attitude adversely affects their teaching about the TCA.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: GA SMA UNAUTH PENETRATION OF AIRSPACE.
Narrative: TKOF FROM MYF FOR STUDENT PRACTICE IN N PRACTICE AREA. FLEW N AT 2600' CLBING W OF I-5. TURNED INLAND AT DIRT ROAD LANDMARK PER INSTR'S DIRECTIONS. CLBED TO 4000' FOR PRACTICE MANEUVERS AND RETURNED TO MYF FOR TOTAL FLT TIME OF 0.7 HRS. PHONE CALL TO SAN APCH WHO STATED I WAS IN TCA. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS WERE MY FAILURE TO STUDY TCA CHART IN AREA ADEQUATELY AND MY INSTR'S AND FAA RAINCHK INSTR'S FAILURE TO INSTRUCT ON STUDYING CHART, LOCATION OF N PRACTICE AREA AND USE OF VOR'S TO STAY OUT OF TCA. INSTRUCTIONS FAILS TO ADEQUATELY INFORM STUDENT OF THE IMPORTANCE OF PRECISE NAV BY USE OF THE TCA CHART AT ALL TIMES WHEN FLYING NEAR TCA. THE STUDENT IS GIVEN ASSIGNED ROUTES TO FLY, AND THE TCA CHART IS LEFT BEHIND THE SEAT. DUE TO THE VARIATION WHICH THE STUDENT IS ALLOWED TO MAKE ON SOLO IN THE ASSIGNED ROUTES TCA VIOLATION BECOMES A DANGER. BUT THE STUDENT IS RELYING ON THE INSTR'S DESCRIPTION OF THE ROUTE FROM MEMORY, NOT ON HAVING THE TCA CHART IN HAND. THE STUDENT SHOULD BE INSTRUCTED THAT HE OR SHE MUST FOLLOW THE CHART. THE INSTR SHOULD REQUIRE STUDENT TO HAVE TCA CHART AT ALL TIMES. THE INSTR SHOULD ALSO REQUIRE THE STUDENT TO DO THIS AS PART OF TKOF CHKLIST AND TO SET VOR TO PROPER RADIALS FOR TCA AS PART OF TKOF CHKLIST. DURING INSTRUCTION THE STUDENT SHOULD BE QUESTIONED ABOUT WHERE THE PLANE IS AND WHERE THE TCA IS. MANY INSTRS DO NOT AGREE WITH THE TCA CONCEPT NOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF IT. THIS ATTITUDE ADVERSELY AFFECTS THEIR TEACHING ABOUT THE TCA.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of August 2007 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.