|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||airport : 09j.airport|
|Altitude||agl single value : 0|
|Operator||general aviation : personal|
|Make Model Name||Amateur (Home) Built|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 91|
|Navigation In Use||other|
|Flight Phase||landing : roll|
|Route In Use||approach : visual|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : multi engine|
pilot : commercial
pilot : instrument
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 28|
flight time total : 6170
flight time type : 128
|Function||observation : passenger|
|Anomaly||aircraft equipment problem : critical|
excursion : runway
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
|Resolutory Action||none taken : unable|
|Problem Areas||Flight Crew Human Performance|
Maintenance Human Performance
Short final down to 90 KTS, slight turbulence, no wind, then upon touchdown it felt like a tire blew out. Loud thump, noise and vibration with a drop in the left wing and the aircraft turned left immediately. Aircraft turned to the left immediately, hit hard right rudder and brake. Held right aileron to keep left wing up. Aircraft departed runway to the left at a slight angle. Power off. Aircraft continued off the left side of the runway for approximately 1000 ft. Flew over a runway turn off intersection. Hit one runway lens and bulb (only property damage). Left gear cylinder stub dug a little grass prior to the intersection. After the intersection the drainage ditch deepened and the nose gear and the right main gear rolled into soft moist grass and soil, dug in and collapsed. Aircraft slid to a stop approximately 50 ft later and ended up near the parallel taxiway. Pilot and passenger departed the aircraft. No injury. Preliminary analysis seems to indicate the weld broke that holds tire assembly to strut cylinder. When the gear is extended it comes down with authority. At this point with the strut fully extended, the scissors assembly are not fully extended. If the weld breaks the tire assembly can come down another one inch. Gear assembly stub is only 1 1/2 inch long, so it can come almost out. At touchdown, wheel assembly broke out, peeled back strut cylinder and turned sideways after the scissors upper trunion split in half. Scraped runway briefly and ground off wheel rim and pavement, then departed aircraft. After reporting this to one of SX300 owners, he reported his aircraft while taxiing had a wheel turn sideways also. Upon inspection he found the upper trunion mount split in half the same way this one did. He made a new assembly out of steel and never passed the word. Callback conversation with reporter revealed the following information: the reporter stated the aircraft was a home built swearingen SX300 with 123 hours total time airframe and engine. The reporter said failure was not the fusion weld as his report had indicated, but the upper scissors trunion mount cracking in half. The reporter said a previous SX300 owner in his club had his wheel turn sideways while taxiing and discovered the cracked trunion. The reporter stated the club alerted all known owners of the SX300 of this trunion mount problem. The reporter said the propeller, left wingtip and left gear trunion mounts were damaged.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: A SWEARINGEN SX300 ON TOUCH DOWN L MAIN LNDG GEAR WHEEL TURNED SIDEWAYS AND ACFT DEPARTED THE RWY CAUSED BY A BROKEN UPPER SCISSORS TRUNION MOUNT.
Narrative: SHORT FINAL DOWN TO 90 KTS, SLIGHT TURB, NO WIND, THEN UPON TOUCHDOWN IT FELT LIKE A TIRE BLEW OUT. LOUD THUMP, NOISE AND VIBRATION WITH A DROP IN THE L WING AND THE ACFT TURNED L IMMEDIATELY. ACFT TURNED TO THE L IMMEDIATELY, HIT HARD R RUDDER AND BRAKE. HELD R AILERON TO KEEP L WING UP. ACFT DEPARTED RWY TO THE L AT A SLIGHT ANGLE. PWR OFF. ACFT CONTINUED OFF THE L SIDE OF THE RWY FOR APPROX 1000 FT. FLEW OVER A RWY TURN OFF INTXN. HIT ONE RWY LENS AND BULB (ONLY PROPERTY DAMAGE). L GEAR CYLINDER STUB DUG A LITTLE GRASS PRIOR TO THE INTXN. AFTER THE INTXN THE DRAINAGE DITCH DEEPENED AND THE NOSE GEAR AND THE R MAIN GEAR ROLLED INTO SOFT MOIST GRASS AND SOIL, DUG IN AND COLLAPSED. ACFT SLID TO A STOP APPROX 50 FT LATER AND ENDED UP NEAR THE PARALLEL TXWY. PLT AND PAX DEPARTED THE ACFT. NO INJURY. PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS SEEMS TO INDICATE THE WELD BROKE THAT HOLDS TIRE ASSEMBLY TO STRUT CYLINDER. WHEN THE GEAR IS EXTENDED IT COMES DOWN WITH AUTHORITY. AT THIS POINT WITH THE STRUT FULLY EXTENDED, THE SCISSORS ASSEMBLY ARE NOT FULLY EXTENDED. IF THE WELD BREAKS THE TIRE ASSEMBLY CAN COME DOWN ANOTHER ONE INCH. GEAR ASSEMBLY STUB IS ONLY 1 1/2 INCH LONG, SO IT CAN COME ALMOST OUT. AT TOUCHDOWN, WHEEL ASSEMBLY BROKE OUT, PEELED BACK STRUT CYLINDER AND TURNED SIDEWAYS AFTER THE SCISSORS UPPER TRUNION SPLIT IN HALF. SCRAPED RWY BRIEFLY AND GROUND OFF WHEEL RIM AND PAVEMENT, THEN DEPARTED ACFT. AFTER RPTING THIS TO ONE OF SX300 OWNERS, HE RPTED HIS ACFT WHILE TAXIING HAD A WHEEL TURN SIDEWAYS ALSO. UPON INSPECTION HE FOUND THE UPPER TRUNION MOUNT SPLIT IN HALF THE SAME WAY THIS ONE DID. HE MADE A NEW ASSEMBLY OUT OF STEEL AND NEVER PASSED THE WORD. CALLBACK CONVERSATION WITH RPTR REVEALED THE FOLLOWING INFO: THE RPTR STATED THE ACFT WAS A HOME BUILT SWEARINGEN SX300 WITH 123 HOURS TOTAL TIME AIRFRAME AND ENG. THE RPTR SAID FAILURE WAS NOT THE FUSION WELD AS HIS RPT HAD INDICATED, BUT THE UPPER SCISSORS TRUNION MOUNT CRACKING IN HALF. THE RPTR SAID A PREVIOUS SX300 OWNER IN HIS CLUB HAD HIS WHEEL TURN SIDEWAYS WHILE TAXIING AND DISCOVERED THE CRACKED TRUNION. THE RPTR STATED THE CLUB ALERTED ALL KNOWN OWNERS OF THE SX300 OF THIS TRUNION MOUNT PROB. THE RPTR SAID THE PROPELLER, L WINGTIP AND L GEAR TRUNION MOUNTS WERE DAMAGED.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of July 2007 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.