|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||1201 To 1800|
|Locale Reference||airport : pkd|
|Altitude||agl bound lower : 0|
agl bound upper : 0
|Operator||general aviation : instructional|
|Make Model Name||Small Transport, Low Wing, 2 Recip Eng|
|Flight Phase||landing other|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : private|
pilot : instrument
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 20|
flight time total : 2500
flight time type : 400
|Function||observation : passenger|
|Anomaly||aircraft equipment problem : critical|
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
|Resolutory Action||none taken : unable|
none taken : detected after the fact
|Consequence||faa : investigated|
|Air Traffic Incident||other|
Atl approach handed us off to peachtree/dekalb tower and I was instructed to fly a left downwind to runway 20L. I was approaching from the east and had received the ATIS for pkd 30 mi out, prior to contacting atl approach for flight following under the TCA. On downwind the tower first directed me to extend my downwind because of a conflict with an small aircraft that was on final for runway 20L, and then asked if I could accept runway 20R. I accepted the shorter 20R runway and extended my gear on the extended downwind leg. The gear extended and indicated a green light. (There is not a 3 light indicator on this model small transport.) partial flaps were extended on base leg, and full flaps on final. I slowed the plane to 100 mph on final and touched down on both main wheels at 90 mph approximately 100' past the threshold markers. The passenger in the right seat had rechked the gear light and nose wheel indicator on short final, and had observed the 90 mph T/D speed. A passenger in the rear seat had also observed my approach and landing. As I lowered the nose gear to the runway the nose settled to the runway, the gear horn sounded and the plane settled to the runway and skidded to a stop just short of the first turnoff. My passenger exited first and I shut off the fuel, mags and master switches before leaving the aircraft. The gear switch was in the down position and both passenger had attested to the fact that I did not inadvertently retract the gear switch. There were 2 witnesses to my landing who had observed the speed and the nose gear failure. I believe that the nose gear did not lock in landing position even though we had a green light. There is only one light on this year small transport and I believe an addition of a 3 light indicator may have indicated this kind of malfunction. The small transport had a number of inoperative systems which included the autoplt and the altimeter appeared to read 100' high, the D/G precessed about 20 degrees per 15 mins and the left engine was difficult to shut down even in the idle cut-off position. The flap switch is under the control wheel on the pilot's side and had no indicator or detent position. It was necessary to observe the physical flap position in order to set partial flaps. Full flap or flap retracted positions were controled by a micro switch. The FAA and owner have indicated that I must have moved the gear switch to the up position on landing. However my 2 passenger, one a former pilot, the other a boat captain, both have disputed that fact. In addition, there is a safety switch that disables the gear switch if the plane is on the main gears. I have flown primarily high performance retractable twins for the last 15 yrs and I am positive that the incident was caused by a mechanical failure in the gear retraction system.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: GA SMT GEAR COLLAPSED DURING LNDG ROLL.
Narrative: ATL APCH HANDED US OFF TO PEACHTREE/DEKALB TWR AND I WAS INSTRUCTED TO FLY A LEFT DOWNWIND TO RWY 20L. I WAS APCHING FROM THE E AND HAD RECEIVED THE ATIS FOR PKD 30 MI OUT, PRIOR TO CONTACTING ATL APCH FOR FLT FOLLOWING UNDER THE TCA. ON DOWNWIND THE TWR FIRST DIRECTED ME TO EXTEND MY DOWNWIND BECAUSE OF A CONFLICT WITH AN SMA THAT WAS ON FINAL FOR RWY 20L, AND THEN ASKED IF I COULD ACCEPT RWY 20R. I ACCEPTED THE SHORTER 20R RWY AND EXTENDED MY GEAR ON THE EXTENDED DOWNWIND LEG. THE GEAR EXTENDED AND INDICATED A GREEN LIGHT. (THERE IS NOT A 3 LIGHT INDICATOR ON THIS MODEL SMT.) PARTIAL FLAPS WERE EXTENDED ON BASE LEG, AND FULL FLAPS ON FINAL. I SLOWED THE PLANE TO 100 MPH ON FINAL AND TOUCHED DOWN ON BOTH MAIN WHEELS AT 90 MPH APPROX 100' PAST THE THRESHOLD MARKERS. THE PAX IN THE RIGHT SEAT HAD RECHKED THE GEAR LIGHT AND NOSE WHEEL INDICATOR ON SHORT FINAL, AND HAD OBSERVED THE 90 MPH T/D SPD. A PAX IN THE REAR SEAT HAD ALSO OBSERVED MY APCH AND LNDG. AS I LOWERED THE NOSE GEAR TO THE RWY THE NOSE SETTLED TO THE RWY, THE GEAR HORN SOUNDED AND THE PLANE SETTLED TO THE RWY AND SKIDDED TO A STOP JUST SHORT OF THE FIRST TURNOFF. MY PAX EXITED FIRST AND I SHUT OFF THE FUEL, MAGS AND MASTER SWITCHES BEFORE LEAVING THE ACFT. THE GEAR SWITCH WAS IN THE DOWN POS AND BOTH PAX HAD ATTESTED TO THE FACT THAT I DID NOT INADVERTENTLY RETRACT THE GEAR SWITCH. THERE WERE 2 WITNESSES TO MY LNDG WHO HAD OBSERVED THE SPD AND THE NOSE GEAR FAILURE. I BELIEVE THAT THE NOSE GEAR DID NOT LOCK IN LNDG POS EVEN THOUGH WE HAD A GREEN LIGHT. THERE IS ONLY ONE LIGHT ON THIS YEAR SMT AND I BELIEVE AN ADDITION OF A 3 LIGHT INDICATOR MAY HAVE INDICATED THIS KIND OF MALFUNCTION. THE SMT HAD A NUMBER OF INOP SYSTEMS WHICH INCLUDED THE AUTOPLT AND THE ALTIMETER APPEARED TO READ 100' HIGH, THE D/G PRECESSED ABOUT 20 DEGS PER 15 MINS AND THE LEFT ENG WAS DIFFICULT TO SHUT DOWN EVEN IN THE IDLE CUT-OFF POS. THE FLAP SWITCH IS UNDER THE CONTROL WHEEL ON THE PLT'S SIDE AND HAD NO INDICATOR OR DETENT POS. IT WAS NECESSARY TO OBSERVE THE PHYSICAL FLAP POS IN ORDER TO SET PARTIAL FLAPS. FULL FLAP OR FLAP RETRACTED POSITIONS WERE CTLED BY A MICRO SWITCH. THE FAA AND OWNER HAVE INDICATED THAT I MUST HAVE MOVED THE GEAR SWITCH TO THE UP POS ON LNDG. HOWEVER MY 2 PAX, ONE A FORMER PLT, THE OTHER A BOAT CAPT, BOTH HAVE DISPUTED THAT FACT. IN ADDITION, THERE IS A SAFETY SWITCH THAT DISABLES THE GEAR SWITCH IF THE PLANE IS ON THE MAIN GEARS. I HAVE FLOWN PRIMARILY HIGH PERFORMANCE RETRACTABLE TWINS FOR THE LAST 15 YRS AND I AM POSITIVE THAT THE INCIDENT WAS CAUSED BY A MECHANICAL FAILURE IN THE GEAR RETRACTION SYS.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of August 2007 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.