|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||1201 To 1800|
|Locale Reference||airport : zzzz.airport|
|Altitude||agl single value : 25000|
|Controlling Facilities||artcc : zzzz.artcc|
|Operator||common carrier : air carrier|
|Make Model Name||B737-300|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 121|
|Flight Phase||climbout : takeoff|
|Affiliation||company : air carrier|
|Function||flight crew : captain|
oversight : pic
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 150|
flight time total : 8000
flight time type : 2150
|Anomaly||aircraft equipment problem : less severe|
|Independent Detector||aircraft equipment other aircraft equipment : master caution|
other flight crewa
|Resolutory Action||flight crew : declared emergency|
flight crew : landed in emergency condition
Flight Crew Human Performance
Passing approximately FL250 on climb out; the master caution light flickered with an associated 'hydraulic' indication on the panel and a flickering 'B' hydraulic low pressure light from the engine driven pump. The 'B' system quantity showed about 50% full; significantly lower than the 88% full it showed at preflight. Shortly after reaching cruise altitude; the 'B' system engine driven pump low pressure light was on continuously with the associated master caution lights. The fluid quantity was now 40% and slowly dropping. We executed the hydraulic system 'B' quantity oil pressure loss checklist for a single (engine driven) system low pressure light. At this time we called maintenance and patched with dispatch. We determined that it was highly likely we would have complete system 'B' failure as the fluid quantity decreased. We discussed the various effects of loss of 'B' system and the optimum conditions for recovery with the degraded system. The loss of this system has no effect on controling the aircraft either in-flight or after landing; but would necessitate using an alternate means to deploy slats and flaps and would require a partial flap landing. After calculating the required weight and runway conditions; we determined proceeding to ZZZ would allow us to both decrease safely to landing weight and give us optimum landing conditions. Maintenance; dispatch and the first officer and I all reviewed the plan and I decided to proceed to ZZZ and prepare for a landing with flaps 15 degrees per the flight manual 'B' system loss and flaps (alternate) operation irregular procedure. Additionally; since we were to make an irregular landing confign approach and landing; I decided to declare an emergency with ATC. Dispatch and the first officer concurred and we made this call to center approximately 1 hour prior to landing. By this time the 'B' system quantity decreased to about 10% and both 'B' system (electric driven and engine driven) low pressure lights illuminated. We completed the appropriate flight manual checklists; securing the pump switches. As we approached ZZZ we briefed the flight attendants; reviewed the landing and after landing procedures and explained to ATC that we would need an extended final on the ILS approach and that we would be able to taxi clear and proceed to our gate. Approach control vectored us to about a 15 mi final. While the first officer flew the runway line-up; we configured the aircraft for a 15 degree flap landing using the flight manual procedures. Once configured; I took control; the first officer confirmed the checklists complete; and I flew the aircraft to an uneventful landing. We terminated the emergency after clearing the runway and taxied to the gate. The fire chief; concerned about possible hot brakes; escorted us to the gate. Appropriate after landing checks were completed and maintenance and operations personnel were briefed.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: B737 CAPT REPORTS B HYDRAULIC SYSTEM FLUID LOSS DURING CLIMB OUT. FLIGHT CONTINUES TO DESTINATION FOR PARTIAL FLAP LANDING AFTER B SYSTEM FAILS.
Narrative: PASSING APPROX FL250 ON CLBOUT; THE MASTER CAUTION LIGHT FLICKERED WITH AN ASSOCIATED 'HYD' INDICATION ON THE PANEL AND A FLICKERING 'B' HYD LOW PRESSURE LIGHT FROM THE ENG DRIVEN PUMP. THE 'B' SYS QUANTITY SHOWED ABOUT 50% FULL; SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THE 88% FULL IT SHOWED AT PREFLT. SHORTLY AFTER REACHING CRUISE ALT; THE 'B' SYS ENG DRIVEN PUMP LOW PRESSURE LIGHT WAS ON CONTINUOUSLY WITH THE ASSOCIATED MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS. THE FLUID QUANTITY WAS NOW 40% AND SLOWLY DROPPING. WE EXECUTED THE HYD SYS 'B' QUANTITY OIL PRESSURE LOSS CHKLIST FOR A SINGLE (ENG DRIVEN) SYS LOW PRESSURE LIGHT. AT THIS TIME WE CALLED MAINT AND PATCHED WITH DISPATCH. WE DETERMINED THAT IT WAS HIGHLY LIKELY WE WOULD HAVE COMPLETE SYS 'B' FAILURE AS THE FLUID QUANTITY DECREASED. WE DISCUSSED THE VARIOUS EFFECTS OF LOSS OF 'B' SYS AND THE OPTIMUM CONDITIONS FOR RECOVERY WITH THE DEGRADED SYS. THE LOSS OF THIS SYS HAS NO EFFECT ON CTLING THE ACFT EITHER INFLT OR AFTER LNDG; BUT WOULD NECESSITATE USING AN ALTERNATE MEANS TO DEPLOY SLATS AND FLAPS AND WOULD REQUIRE A PARTIAL FLAP LNDG. AFTER CALCULATING THE REQUIRED WT AND RWY CONDITIONS; WE DETERMINED PROCEEDING TO ZZZ WOULD ALLOW US TO BOTH DECREASE SAFELY TO LNDG WT AND GIVE US OPTIMUM LNDG CONDITIONS. MAINT; DISPATCH AND THE FO AND I ALL REVIEWED THE PLAN AND I DECIDED TO PROCEED TO ZZZ AND PREPARE FOR A LNDG WITH FLAPS 15 DEGS PER THE FLT MANUAL 'B' SYS LOSS AND FLAPS (ALTERNATE) OP IRREGULAR PROC. ADDITIONALLY; SINCE WE WERE TO MAKE AN IRREGULAR LNDG CONFIGN APCH AND LNDG; I DECIDED TO DECLARE AN EMER WITH ATC. DISPATCH AND THE FO CONCURRED AND WE MADE THIS CALL TO CTR APPROX 1 HR PRIOR TO LNDG. BY THIS TIME THE 'B' SYS QUANTITY DECREASED TO ABOUT 10% AND BOTH 'B' SYS (ELECTRIC DRIVEN AND ENG DRIVEN) LOW PRESSURE LIGHTS ILLUMINATED. WE COMPLETED THE APPROPRIATE FLT MANUAL CHKLISTS; SECURING THE PUMP SWITCHES. AS WE APCHED ZZZ WE BRIEFED THE FLT ATTENDANTS; REVIEWED THE LNDG AND AFTER LNDG PROCS AND EXPLAINED TO ATC THAT WE WOULD NEED AN EXTENDED FINAL ON THE ILS APCH AND THAT WE WOULD BE ABLE TO TAXI CLR AND PROCEED TO OUR GATE. APCH CTL VECTORED US TO ABOUT A 15 MI FINAL. WHILE THE FO FLEW THE RWY LINE-UP; WE CONFIGURED THE ACFT FOR A 15 DEG FLAP LNDG USING THE FLT MANUAL PROCS. ONCE CONFIGURED; I TOOK CTL; THE FO CONFIRMED THE CHKLISTS COMPLETE; AND I FLEW THE ACFT TO AN UNEVENTFUL LNDG. WE TERMINATED THE EMER AFTER CLRING THE RWY AND TAXIED TO THE GATE. THE FIRE CHIEF; CONCERNED ABOUT POSSIBLE HOT BRAKES; ESCORTED US TO THE GATE. APPROPRIATE AFTER LNDG CHKS WERE COMPLETED AND MAINT AND OPS PERSONNEL WERE BRIEFED.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of May 2009 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.