|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||airport : zzz.airport|
|Altitude||msl single value : 7000|
|Controlling Facilities||tracon : zzz.tracon|
|Operator||general aviation : personal|
|Make Model Name||Cardinal 177/177RG|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 91|
|Flight Phase||cruise : level|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : private|
pilot : instrument
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 27|
flight time total : 350
flight time type : 130
|Anomaly||aircraft equipment problem : critical|
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
|Resolutory Action||controller : issued new clearance|
flight crew : declared emergency
flight crew : diverted to another airport
flight crew : landed as precaution
flight crew : overcame equipment problem
On the above date and time I experienced a complete loss of power to the aircraft's electrical system. I was on an IFR flight plan. I was cruising at 7000 ft under the direction of ATC. At approximately XA19 I observed a 'red flag' on the s-tec autoplt indicating a low voltage situation. A check of the ammeter also indicated a negative charge. Shortly thereafter; I lost communication #1; my primary GNS 430W; thus losing my primary navigation and communications. I was able to communication on communication #2 for a short period; then this shut down as well. Before I lost all panel communications; I used the GPS 496 handheld to determine the location of ZZZ; a twred facility and expressed this to ATC. I am not sure they got this; but assume they did as I was handed off to the tower frequency at ZZZ. Once I was in contact with ZZZ; using my handheld portable radio; I declared an emergency based upon the loss of all primary navigation and communication equipment. The ZZZ controller guided me to the airport by vectors and providing altitudes to maintain. Upon coming through the clouds at about 1200 ft; I made an uneventful landing and contacted the tower for any further instructions. They advised that no further action was needed at this time. The probable cause of the failure is a defective alternator.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: C-177 LOST ELECTRICAL POWER IN IMC. HANDHELD RADIO WAS UTILIZED TO COMMUNICATE; EMER DECLARED; AND FLT WAS VECTORED TO ARPT FOR LNDG IN VFR CONDITIONS.
Narrative: ON THE ABOVE DATE AND TIME I EXPERIENCED A COMPLETE LOSS OF PWR TO THE ACFT'S ELECTRICAL SYS. I WAS ON AN IFR FLT PLAN. I WAS CRUISING AT 7000 FT UNDER THE DIRECTION OF ATC. AT APPROX XA19 I OBSERVED A 'RED FLAG' ON THE S-TEC AUTOPLT INDICATING A LOW VOLTAGE SITUATION. A CHK OF THE AMMETER ALSO INDICATED A NEGATIVE CHARGE. SHORTLY THEREAFTER; I LOST COM #1; MY PRIMARY GNS 430W; THUS LOSING MY PRIMARY NAV AND COMS. I WAS ABLE TO COM ON COM #2 FOR A SHORT PERIOD; THEN THIS SHUT DOWN AS WELL. BEFORE I LOST ALL PANEL COMS; I USED THE GPS 496 HANDHELD TO DETERMINE THE LOCATION OF ZZZ; A TWRED FACILITY AND EXPRESSED THIS TO ATC. I AM NOT SURE THEY GOT THIS; BUT ASSUME THEY DID AS I WAS HANDED OFF TO THE TWR FREQ AT ZZZ. ONCE I WAS IN CONTACT WITH ZZZ; USING MY HANDHELD PORTABLE RADIO; I DECLARED AN EMER BASED UPON THE LOSS OF ALL PRIMARY NAV AND COM EQUIP. THE ZZZ CTLR GUIDED ME TO THE ARPT BY VECTORS AND PROVIDING ALTS TO MAINTAIN. UPON COMING THROUGH THE CLOUDS AT ABOUT 1200 FT; I MADE AN UNEVENTFUL LNDG AND CONTACTED THE TWR FOR ANY FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS. THEY ADVISED THAT NO FURTHER ACTION WAS NEEDED AT THIS TIME. THE PROBABLE CAUSE OF THE FAILURE IS A DEFECTIVE ALTERNATOR.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of January 2009 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.