|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||1801 To 2400|
|Locale Reference||atc facility : mmex.tracon|
|Operator||common carrier : air carrier|
|Make Model Name||A320|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 121|
|Navigation In Use||other vortac|
|Flight Phase||landing : go around|
|Route In Use||approach : instrument non precision|
|Affiliation||company : air carrier|
|Function||flight crew : captain|
oversight : pic
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 104|
flight time total : 8000
flight time type : 104
|Affiliation||company : air carrier|
|Function||flight crew : first officer|
|Anomaly||non adherence : company policies|
non adherence : published procedure
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
other flight crewb
|Resolutory Action||flight crew : executed go around|
flight crew : overrode automation
flight crew : became reoriented
Flight Crew Human Performance
ATC Human Performance
|Primary Problem||Flight Crew Human Performance|
Flight was route qual to MMMX; with lca in right seat as PNF; and captain in left seat as PF. The arrival and approaches had been thoroughly briefed; having noted NOTAM 20/723 ILS runway 05R frequency 109.1 unserviceable. We had briefed VOR DME-2 05L/right west/ smo trans; then when were told to expect runway 23L. We rebriefed expecting ILS DME-2 runway 23L with otu trans. When on vector to final; descending to 8700 ft; configured to F3; gear down; we were directed by mmex approach intercept mex 052 for VOR runway 23L; which was a surprise; so we were trying to get set up for this VOR approach navigation procedure. Before we could intercept final; we were directed to climb to 11000 ft; fly direct smo; runway in use is being changed to runway 05L/right. We were IMC; PF (captain) hand flying with autoplt and autothrottles off and initiated a normal go around. Captain quickly got behind the aircraft; ie; I did not get nose up to 15 degree target and was slow to call for F2 and gear up. Lca saved a flap overspd by getting flaps to 2; but was overloaded because of my poor hand-flying and multiple ATC instructions. When answering mmex approach using the sidestick microphone button/switch; lca momentarily made an inadvertent control input which gave us the dual input voice alert. Autoplt and autothrottles were reengaged at the lca's request and we got further mmex approach instructions to fly heading 230 to intercept smo 160 outbound for the VOR DME-2 runway 05R; and descend to 9700 ft. We configured and were then given a vector to intercept mex 232 (final approach cse) and descend to 8800 ft. We were able to see the field and completed the approach in VMC to a landing on runway 05R. Factors which made this so exciting were my decision to hand fly while on vector to final; my poor execution of the normal go around resulting in overloading the PNF/lca; ATC instructions that were difficult to understand compounded by background static on the mmex approach frequency; and high terrain between our position and smo. Also; reloading the FMGC became problematic because of multiple frequencys associated with smo VOR. We reverted to raw data to ensure terrain clearance and to comply with ATC clearance. Lca had done a great job briefing and preparing me for the arrival; but I had not understood what he meant concerning autoplt and autothrottles usage; and when I disengaged both it made for a very difficult situation during the go around. Lca thoroughly debriefed the event with me.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: A320 FLT CREW HAS MULTIPLE APCH/RWY CHANGES DURING ARR TO MMMX.
Narrative: FLIGHT WAS ROUTE QUAL TO MMMX; WITH LCA IN R SEAT AS PNF; AND CAPT IN L SEAT AS PF. THE ARRIVAL AND APPROACHES HAD BEEN THOROUGHLY BRIEFED; HAVING NOTED NOTAM 20/723 ILS RWY 05R FREQ 109.1 UNSERVICEABLE. WE HAD BRIEFED VOR DME-2 05L/R W/ SMO TRANS; THEN WHEN WERE TOLD TO EXPECT RWY 23L. WE REBRIEFED EXPECTING ILS DME-2 RWY 23L WITH OTU TRANS. WHEN ON VECTOR TO FINAL; DESCENDING TO 8700 FT; CONFIGURED TO F3; GEAR DOWN; WE WERE DIRECTED BY MMEX APCH INTERCEPT MEX 052 FOR VOR RWY 23L; WHICH WAS A SURPRISE; SO WE WERE TRYING TO GET SET UP FOR THIS VOR APCH NAV PROCEDURE. BEFORE WE COULD INTERCEPT FINAL; WE WERE DIRECTED TO CLIMB TO 11000 FT; FLY DIRECT SMO; RWY IN USE IS BEING CHANGED TO RWY 05L/R. WE WERE IMC; PF (CAPT) HAND FLYING WITH AUTOPLT AND AUTOTHROTTLES OFF AND INITIATED A NORMAL GO AROUND. CAPT QUICKLY GOT BEHIND THE AIRCRAFT; IE; I DID NOT GET NOSE UP TO 15 DEGREE TARGET AND WAS SLOW TO CALL FOR F2 AND GEAR UP. LCA SAVED A FLAP OVERSPD BY GETTING FLAPS TO 2; BUT WAS OVERLOADED BECAUSE OF MY POOR HAND-FLYING AND MULTIPLE ATC INSTRUCTIONS. WHEN ANSWERING MMEX APCH USING THE SIDESTICK MIC BUTTON/SWITCH; LCA MOMENTARILY MADE AN INADVERTENT CONTROL INPUT WHICH GAVE US THE DUAL INPUT VOICE ALERT. AUTOPLT AND AUTOTHROTTLES WERE REENGAGED AT THE LCA'S REQUEST AND WE GOT FURTHER MMEX APCH INSTRUCTIONS TO FLY HDG 230 TO INTERCEPT SMO 160 OUTBOUND FOR THE VOR DME-2 RWY 05R; AND DESCEND TO 9700 FT. WE CONFIGURED AND WERE THEN GIVEN A VECTOR TO INTERCEPT MEX 232 (FINAL APCH CSE) AND DESCEND TO 8800 FT. WE WERE ABLE TO SEE THE FIELD AND COMPLETED THE APPROACH IN VMC TO A LANDING ON RWY 05R. FACTORS WHICH MADE THIS SO EXCITING WERE MY DECISION TO HAND FLY WHILE ON VECTOR TO FINAL; MY POOR EXECUTION OF THE NORMAL GO AROUND RESULTING IN OVERLOADING THE PNF/LCA; ATC INSTRUCTIONS THAT WERE DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND COMPOUNDED BY BACKGROUND STATIC ON THE MMEX APCH FREQ; AND HIGH TERRAIN BETWEEN OUR POSITION AND SMO. ALSO; RELOADING THE FMGC BECAME PROBLEMATIC BECAUSE OF MULTIPLE FREQS ASSOCIATED WITH SMO VOR. WE REVERTED TO RAW DATA TO ENSURE TERRAIN CLEARANCE AND TO COMPLY WITH ATC CLEARANCE. LCA HAD DONE A GREAT JOB BRIEFING AND PREPARING ME FOR THE ARRIVAL; BUT I HAD NOT UNDERSTOOD WHAT HE MEANT CONCERNING AUTOPLT AND AUTOTHROTTLES USAGE; AND WHEN I DISENGAGED BOTH IT MADE FOR A VERY DIFFICULT SITUATION DURING THE GO AROUND. LCA THOROUGHLY DEBRIEFED THE EVENT WITH ME.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of January 2009 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.