|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||navaid : brv.vortac|
|Altitude||msl single value : 3000|
|Operator||general aviation : personal|
|Make Model Name||Skylane 182/RG Turbo Skylane/RG|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 91|
|Flight Phase||descent : approach|
|Route In Use||arrival : on vectors|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : commercial|
pilot : instrument
pilot : multi engine
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 45|
flight time total : 4050
flight time type : 2000
|Affiliation||government : faa|
|Function||controller : approach|
|Anomaly||aircraft equipment problem : less severe|
altitude deviation : excursion from assigned altitude
non adherence : published procedure
non adherence : clearance
|Independent Detector||other flight crewa|
|Resolutory Action||controller : issued new clearance|
flight crew : returned to assigned altitude
Flight Crew Human Performance
|Primary Problem||Flight Crew Human Performance|
IFR flight from ash to dyl. IMC the entire trip with light to moderate rain and occasional light turbulence. 40 KT headwinds resulting in 3 hours of instrument flying without an autoplt. In the vicinity of rbv; I was handed off from mcguire approach to phl approach at 4000 ft. Upon making contact with phl; I requested and received radar vectors to the final approach course for the RNAV runway 23 at dyl. I was also given a descent to 3000 ft. During the descent; I noticed my jpi engine analyzer flashing a battery warning. A quick look at the ammeter confirmed that the alternator was off-line and that I had only the ship's battery for electrical power. I notified the controller of the situation and asked for expedited handling for the approach. He asked if I needed assistance on the ground at dyl and I replied in the negative. As the descent continued; I began shedding electrical load and digging out the emergency procedures checklist. In the process; I issued the leveloff at 3000 ft and continued to descend. I caught the error at 2700 ft and arrested the descent at 2600 ft. I quickly zoom-climbed the aircraft back to 3000 ft while simultaneously confirming with the controller that my assigned altitude should be 3000 ft. The controller did not mention the deviation but did ask if I'd like to divert to trenton (ttn). Because I already had the WX at dyl and had the approach loaded into the GPS; I felt that the diversion was not necessary. I was working the emergency procedures checklist and did not need the additional workload involved in changing and re-briefing the approach. Aside from that; the time savings would not have been that significant. After completing the load-shed; I had the GPS/communication; the transponder; the jpi; and the turn and bank indicator still running. The ammeter showed minimal discharge and the battery voltage was just under 12 vdc. I then cycled the alternator side of the master switch in an attempt to get the alternator back on-line. This succeeded and I so informed the controller. I then joined the final approach course and was handed off to the CTAF for local advisories. During the approach; the alternator once again tripped off-line and I shut it down for good. I broke out about 400 ft above approach minimums at dyl and landed uneventfully thereafter. Mechanics at dyl later diagnosed the problem as a bad alternator ground and repaired it rather easily.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: C182 PLT HAS AN ALTDEV DURING A GPS APCH TO DYL AFTER AN ALTERNATOR FAILURE.
Narrative: IFR FLT FROM ASH TO DYL. IMC THE ENTIRE TRIP WITH LIGHT TO MODERATE RAIN AND OCCASIONAL LIGHT TURB. 40 KT HEADWINDS RESULTING IN 3 HRS OF INST FLYING WITHOUT AN AUTOPLT. IN THE VICINITY OF RBV; I WAS HANDED OFF FROM MCGUIRE APCH TO PHL APCH AT 4000 FT. UPON MAKING CONTACT WITH PHL; I REQUESTED AND RECEIVED RADAR VECTORS TO THE FINAL APCH COURSE FOR THE RNAV RWY 23 AT DYL. I WAS ALSO GIVEN A DSCNT TO 3000 FT. DURING THE DSCNT; I NOTICED MY JPI ENG ANALYZER FLASHING A BATTERY WARNING. A QUICK LOOK AT THE AMMETER CONFIRMED THAT THE ALTERNATOR WAS OFF-LINE AND THAT I HAD ONLY THE SHIP'S BATTERY FOR ELECTRICAL PWR. I NOTIFIED THE CTLR OF THE SITUATION AND ASKED FOR EXPEDITED HANDLING FOR THE APCH. HE ASKED IF I NEEDED ASSISTANCE ON THE GND AT DYL AND I REPLIED IN THE NEGATIVE. AS THE DSCNT CONTINUED; I BEGAN SHEDDING ELECTRICAL LOAD AND DIGGING OUT THE EMER PROCS CHKLIST. IN THE PROCESS; I ISSUED THE LEVELOFF AT 3000 FT AND CONTINUED TO DSND. I CAUGHT THE ERROR AT 2700 FT AND ARRESTED THE DSCNT AT 2600 FT. I QUICKLY ZOOM-CLBED THE ACFT BACK TO 3000 FT WHILE SIMULTANEOUSLY CONFIRMING WITH THE CTLR THAT MY ASSIGNED ALT SHOULD BE 3000 FT. THE CTLR DID NOT MENTION THE DEV BUT DID ASK IF I'D LIKE TO DIVERT TO TRENTON (TTN). BECAUSE I ALREADY HAD THE WX AT DYL AND HAD THE APCH LOADED INTO THE GPS; I FELT THAT THE DIVERSION WAS NOT NECESSARY. I WAS WORKING THE EMER PROCS CHKLIST AND DID NOT NEED THE ADDITIONAL WORKLOAD INVOLVED IN CHANGING AND RE-BRIEFING THE APCH. ASIDE FROM THAT; THE TIME SAVINGS WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN THAT SIGNIFICANT. AFTER COMPLETING THE LOAD-SHED; I HAD THE GPS/COM; THE XPONDER; THE JPI; AND THE TURN AND BANK INDICATOR STILL RUNNING. THE AMMETER SHOWED MINIMAL DISCHARGE AND THE BATTERY VOLTAGE WAS JUST UNDER 12 VDC. I THEN CYCLED THE ALTERNATOR SIDE OF THE MASTER SWITCH IN AN ATTEMPT TO GET THE ALTERNATOR BACK ON-LINE. THIS SUCCEEDED AND I SO INFORMED THE CTLR. I THEN JOINED THE FINAL APCH COURSE AND WAS HANDED OFF TO THE CTAF FOR LCL ADVISORIES. DURING THE APCH; THE ALTERNATOR ONCE AGAIN TRIPPED OFF-LINE AND I SHUT IT DOWN FOR GOOD. I BROKE OUT ABOUT 400 FT ABOVE APCH MINIMUMS AT DYL AND LANDED UNEVENTFULLY THEREAFTER. MECHS AT DYL LATER DIAGNOSED THE PROB AS A BAD ALTERNATOR GND AND REPAIRED IT RATHER EASILY.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of January 2009 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.