|37000 Feet||Browse and search NASA's
Aviation Safety Reporting System
|Local Time Of Day||0601 To 1200|
|Locale Reference||airport : bna|
|Altitude||msl bound lower : 4000|
msl bound upper : 4700
|Controlling Facilities||tracon : bna|
|Operator||general aviation : corporate|
|Make Model Name||Baron 58/58TC|
|Operating Under FAR Part||Part 91|
|Flight Phase||climbout : intermediate altitude|
|Function||flight crew : single pilot|
|Qualification||pilot : instrument|
pilot : cfi
pilot : commercial
|Experience||flight time last 90 days : 52|
flight time total : 6150
flight time type : 1730
|Affiliation||government : faa|
|Function||controller : departure|
|Qualification||controller : radar|
|Anomaly||altitude deviation : overshoot|
non adherence : clearance
other anomaly other
|Independent Detector||other controllera|
|Resolutory Action||flight crew : returned to intended course or assigned course|
|Primary Problem||Flight Crew Human Performance|
|Air Traffic Incident||Pilot Deviation|
On nov/wed/97, I departed bna on an IFR flight plan with sgf as the destination. Takeoff was at XX55 hours. Prior to departure my IFR clearance was received and read back correctly after checking current ATIS. I set the altimeter at bna elevation as published on the approach plates, which is 599 ft. We were cleared for takeoff on runway 31 and to turn left to 280 degrees after departure. We were instructed to climb and maintain 4000 ft. As I was passing through 3600 ft (as I read it on my altimeter), departure control advised me they showed me at 4700 ft. I asked for the current altimeter setting and found it was about 1 inch different than what I had set earlier. Prior to takeoff I had set the altimeter to -599 ft rather than 599 ft. The aircraft had sat on the ramp for 4 days and the pressure had changed nearly 1 inch during that time. After discovering the error, I corrected my altimeter to the current pressure of 30.27 and leveled at 4000 ft. There was no other traffic in my immediate area and the WX was VFR. The problem arose when I set my altimeter to the field elevation rather than the pressure reported on ATIS. Since the pressure had risen nearly 1 inch during the days the plane was on the ground I visually missed the fact I was actually setting in a -599 ft reading on my altimeter. Where barometric pressure values are available I almost never set the altimeter on field elevation only, and am not sure why I did this time. In the future I'll set to the current pressure instead of field elevation and then verify the elevation matches the reading on the altimeter.
Original NASA ASRS Text
Title: BE55 BARON SAT AT ARPT 4 DAYS WHEN PRESSURE DROPPED BY ALMOST 1 INCH SO RPTR PLT SET ALTIMETER TO FIELD ELEVATION, BUT FAILED TO SEE THE ALTIMETER IN THE MINUS RANGE. CLBING OUT DEP CTLR ALERTED RPTR TO GOING ABOVE ASSIGNED ALT AND GAVE THE CORRECT ALTIMETER SETTING.
Narrative: ON NOV/WED/97, I DEPARTED BNA ON AN IFR FLT PLAN WITH SGF AS THE DEST. TKOF WAS AT XX55 HRS. PRIOR TO DEP MY IFR CLRNC WAS RECEIVED AND READ BACK CORRECTLY AFTER CHKING CURRENT ATIS. I SET THE ALTIMETER AT BNA ELEVATION AS PUBLISHED ON THE APCH PLATES, WHICH IS 599 FT. WE WERE CLRED FOR TKOF ON RWY 31 AND TO TURN L TO 280 DEGS AFTER DEP. WE WERE INSTRUCTED TO CLB AND MAINTAIN 4000 FT. AS I WAS PASSING THROUGH 3600 FT (AS I READ IT ON MY ALTIMETER), DEP CTL ADVISED ME THEY SHOWED ME AT 4700 FT. I ASKED FOR THE CURRENT ALTIMETER SETTING AND FOUND IT WAS ABOUT 1 INCH DIFFERENT THAN WHAT I HAD SET EARLIER. PRIOR TO TKOF I HAD SET THE ALTIMETER TO -599 FT RATHER THAN 599 FT. THE ACFT HAD SAT ON THE RAMP FOR 4 DAYS AND THE PRESSURE HAD CHANGED NEARLY 1 INCH DURING THAT TIME. AFTER DISCOVERING THE ERROR, I CORRECTED MY ALTIMETER TO THE CURRENT PRESSURE OF 30.27 AND LEVELED AT 4000 FT. THERE WAS NO OTHER TFC IN MY IMMEDIATE AREA AND THE WX WAS VFR. THE PROB AROSE WHEN I SET MY ALTIMETER TO THE FIELD ELEVATION RATHER THAN THE PRESSURE RPTED ON ATIS. SINCE THE PRESSURE HAD RISEN NEARLY 1 INCH DURING THE DAYS THE PLANE WAS ON THE GND I VISUALLY MISSED THE FACT I WAS ACTUALLY SETTING IN A -599 FT READING ON MY ALTIMETER. WHERE BAROMETRIC PRESSURE VALUES ARE AVAILABLE I ALMOST NEVER SET THE ALTIMETER ON FIELD ELEVATION ONLY, AND AM NOT SURE WHY I DID THIS TIME. IN THE FUTURE I'LL SET TO THE CURRENT PRESSURE INSTEAD OF FIELD ELEVATION AND THEN VERIFY THE ELEVATION MATCHES THE READING ON THE ALTIMETER.
Data retrieved from NASA's ASRS site as of July 2007 and automatically converted to unabbreviated mixed upper/lowercase text. This report is for informational purposes with no guarantee of accuracy. See NASA's ASRS site for official report.